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Cotton cable sweater

Measurements: Fits children's approximately age 12, though the recipient's little sister has been wearing it with the cuffs turned back since she was 9. See diagram below.
Yarn: Cotton BIG sport by idena (65% cotton, 35% acrylic)
100 g= 80 m or another chunky weight yarn that knits to gauge
Materials:
  • US # 10 1/2 (7 mm) circular and dpn's
  • 1 big-eyed tapestry needle
Gauge: 6 stitches and 9 rows = 2 inches over stockingette st.
Notes:

The front and back of this sweater are knit flat and separately. The sleeves are knit in the round.

Working a 4-st left cable: sl 2 sts to a cable needle and hold to front of work, k2, k2 from cable needle -or- click here to see instructions on how to work this cable without a cable needle.

Back: Cast on 56 stitches.

Set up for cables (work these 4 rows only once)

Row 1. (right side): p2 *k2, p2, k4, p2* repeat from * to * x 4, end k2, p2.

Row 2. k2, *p2, k2, p4, k2* repeat from * to * x4, end p2, k2.

Row 3. same as row 1.

Row 4. same as row 2.

Begin cables:

Row 1: p2, *k2, p2, 4-st left cable (see Notes above), p2* repeat from * to * x 4, end k2, p2.

Row 2: k2, *p2, k2, p4, k2* repeat from *to* x4, end p2, k2.

Row 3: p2 *k2, p2, k4, p2* repeat from *to* x 4, end k2, p2.

Rows 4 & 6: same as row 2.

Row 5: same as row 3.

Continue in this manner, making a cable every 6th row for a total of 13 cable crosses, ending with Row 2. On the next right side row:

p2, k2, p2, [k4, p2, k2, p2] twice [k2tog] twice, p2, k2, p2, [k4, p2, k2, p2] twice = 54 stitches. (This will make the k2, p2 ribbing of the turtleneck line up with the body stitches better.)

Work following wrong side row, knitting the knit stitches and purling the purl stitches ([k2, p2, k2, p4] twice, [k2, p2] twice, [k2, p2, k2, p4] twice, k2, p2, k2) then :

Bind off 20 stitches, [p2, k2] x 3, p2, bind off remaining 20 stitches. Put the remaining sts on a holder (spare piece of yarn or similar) while you work the front.

Front:

Cast on 56 stitches and work as back but do not bind off.

Instead, on the next right side row, [p2, k2, p2, k4] twice, slip next 14 stitches onto a holder, [k4, p2, k2, p2] twice. 

Leaving the first group of stitches worked waiting (either on the needles or on a holder), work back and forth in established pattern on 20 stitches for right shoulder for 2 inches, then bind off. Reattach yarn at left shoulder stitches and work these for 2 inches and bind them off as well.

Sleeves: Cast on 20 stitches. Join, placing marker for beginning of round and being careful not to twist stitches and work around on dpn's in k2, p2 rib for 5 inches, or until desired cuff length. Mark the last (purl) stitch of the round as the underarm stitch and work next round as follows:

k5, m1 (= make 1 by placing a backwards loop on the needle), k2, p1, m1, k4, m1, p1, k2, m1, k5, k marked stitch =26.

Okay, this should give you a set-up for a four stitch cable, with 2 purled stitches on either side, just over a k2 of the cuff ribbing, as shown in the picture at the top of the page. From here and onwards up the sleeve, you will be working the cable every 6th round, purling the two stitches on either side of the cable, and increasing on both sides of the marked underarm stitch every 1 1/2 inches or so for a total of 5 increases until total length of arm is 17 1/2 inches.

Finishing:

Lay body flat with sleeves in place, mark sleeve position on body and sew body side seams together to marker. Sew in sleeves. Sew bound off shoulder stitches together.

Work neck: return 14 held neck stitches from back to needles, reattach yarn, pick up 6 sts, working them in established pattern (k2, p2, k2) from over left shoulder. Work over 14 held neck stitches from front in pattern ([p2, k2] x 3, p2) then pick up and work in pattern (k2, p2, k2) 6 sts from over right shoulder, then work over back neck stitches ([p2, k2] x 3, p2). Work in established k2, p2 ribbing for 6 inches or desired length of turtleneck. Bind off very loosely.

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